Produced By Criminal Justice Degree Hub

*Infographic prepared by Criminal Justice Degree Hub. I have not fact-checked their data.

Click on a state to view stats. Then, click on the “What The Data Measured” tab for further details. Finally, to see how your selected state ranks compared to others, click on the “See How Your State Ranks…” tab. Also, click a state and then click on each of the categories at the top of the graphic. You’ll then see the stats and color code/rank for each section. Play around with it for a few minutes and it’ll begin to make sense. I agree, it’s a bit confusing at first. Remember, I didn’t design it… 🙂 Interesting information, though.

The US Private Prison System

Privatization of the US Prison System. An Infographic from ArrestRecords.com

*Infographic designed and written by ArrestRecords.com. The Graveyard Shift has not fact-checked any of the information contained within. Although, we would like to point out that federal prisons operate UNICOR, the prison business that manufactures a variety of items, such as eyewear, circuit boards, furniture, linens, and much more. Inmates working for UNICOR typically earn a higher wage than those who work within the institution—painters, carpenters, electricians, landscapers, dining hall cooks, maintenance, etc.

One of the more unique businesses run by UNICOR is the call center service, such as 411-type directory assistance and customer care. Companies contract with UNICOR to have the inmate labor force handle their call center needs. Not only is the labor extremely inexpensive, one CEO said (from the UNICOR website), “Absenteeism is the bane of the contact center world. UNICOR has effectively eliminated this issue from the equation.” Well, duh. It’s a 100% guarantee that prison workers will always be available for work, since their job and home are both located behind the same locked gates. And, as an added bonus, corrections officers are there to see to it that all inmates report to work and other assigned areas and duties.

For more interesting details about UNICOR please visit https://www.unicor.gov/. You may be surprised at what you see there. Also, here’s the link to a past Graveyard Shift article about UNICOR. https://www.leelofland.com/unicor-factories-behind-the-razor-wire/

Mike Roche

The Restoration of First Responders Suffering from PTSD

Thomas Bean was a police officer enjoying his day off on December 14, 2012, when a call went out that would change his life and that of the nation forever. A shooting occurred at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Officer Bean responded to the call for assistance and was one of the first to arrive at the horrific scene. The images of the lifeless bodies of twenty small children haunted Bean as they would for any healthy individual.

Bean went home that evening and found comfort in the bottom of a bottle of alcohol. His battle with the demons continued, as his one night of drinking continued to many more nights. While standing in a store shortly after the attack, Bean became hyper-vigilant and paranoid that every person in the store was potentially targeting him. He realized he was in trouble. In an emotional fog, he considered cutting himself, so that he could feel pain. Bean told CNN, “I had no feeling, no sensation, no nothing.”

Officer Bean was diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and unable to return to his job, as he is haunted with the reminders of that horrific day. Further exacerbating his condition is that the City of Newtown sent him a letter of termination. That has since been rescinded. The State of Connecticut does not cover mental health under workers compensation. If he were shot, he would be covered for physical injuries. Connecticut will apply for a federal grant and if approved, $6.1 million would be allocated for mental health counseling and wellness programs.

PTSD is a condition that can be managed and overcome with appropriate counseling, treatment and medication. PTSD is commonly characterized by flashbacks to the trauma-induced events, avoidance, detached personality, sleep disturbances and irritability. The stress often spills over on their home life and performance at work.

Those who are suffering from the illness are more likely to harm themselves than others. Police suicides outnumber the line of duty deaths by a two to one margin. Many more suicides are ruled an accident blamed on a firearm mishap while cleaning the gun or the single car fatality accident.

Those who suffer from PTSD can feel a sense of isolation and betrayal depending on the support provided by their respective departments. This wallowing in self-doubt, while considering the adverse impact on their future careers, could have negative consequences. Many times, officers who have been diagnosed with PTSD will have difficulty returning to the street because of liability concerns if they involved in a shooting situation. As a result, officers are often reassigned to assignments that reduce their exposure to perilous situations.

Approximately 13% of police officers will suffer from PTSD. This can be caused by a single traumatic event such as Newtown, Aurora, September 11, a line of duty death, shooting or from cumulative stress suffered during the course of a career. Police officers after leaving the scene of a traumatic incident often drive away alone in their car and are left to contemplate and relive the critical incident. The death of children is the most haunting images that officers try to suppress. They will often project a facade of normalcy, but inside they are ravaged by demons destroying their soul.

I serve as a peer support counselor at a program focused on healing and restoring police officers who suffer from the effects post traumatic stress. Comments from some of the attendees were, “You saved my life!” and “This experience altered my life!”  The goal of The Franciscan Center Post Trauma Education Retreat in Tampa, Florida is to return stability and balance to the lives of first responders suffering post trauma stress and to deepen their relationships at home.

The five-day resident program located on a six-acre serene campus is perched along the Hillsborough River. The program is peer based and clinically guided by the warm embrace of trust from those that have walked in the shoes of the responders and share many of the same experiences. Confidentiality is essential to develop trust and a shared bond to mend the exhaustive darkness that consumes so many who have experienced trauma.

The program is intense and requires the commitment of long days. Education is at the core of the program to provide a foundation of skills to cope with and manage stress in the future. The educational component includes a number of classes. PTSD Resiliency explores the effects of the stress illness and that the illness is curable. Greif and bereavement is taught by two wonderful retired VA Hospice nurses. These angels have listened to many veterans’ deathbed confessions and a release of their inner turmoil that has gripped them and impacted their lives. Forgiveness explores the shackles that bind us with hate, betrayal and revenge.

Wellness addresses the basic needs of our body. Proper diet and exercise can help to alleviate the harmful effects of stress on the body. In the throes of anxiety from trauma, officers often fail to address the most basic needs for the body. They pass the salad bar for a more expedient fast food meal and postpone a beneficial workout in favor of sitting at a bar or watching TV.

Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) has had amazing results on the participants. The procedure is difficult to describe, but the practitioner explores a traumatic event with the participant through the recall of visual images. The process commands the right and left-brain to sync up and is often described as the process used by computers to defrag the hard drive. The EMDR process results in a restoration of recall of the trauma to a more acceptable mindset. Participants who have been besieged by sleep disturbances report their first restful night of complete sleep in years. Imagine the gift of a full night of sleep.

Group discussions and socialization provide a normalization of the experience. Often feeling alone, these brave men and women learn that others share similar experiences and mutual feelings. The group process provides a therapeutic sharing of inner turmoil in a confidential and serene environment and allows for the exploration of possible remedies to help cope and confront the stress.

The transformation I have witnessed by the participants has been astounding. On the first day, as the responders checked into their own private rooms, I observed their guarded approach and hesitation. Slowly the veneers of apprehension begin to dissipate as the week progresses. After graduation, I notice an apprehension of the guests to leave their comrades. The veil of reluctance has been replaced with a positive hope for the future. They have become close knit and the bond is unmistakable. I witnessed a renewed passion and embracing of life. The energy is invigorating for not only for the participants but for the peer support and staff, as we have witnessed a restoration of the human soul and watch these warriors return to serve the community.

The Franciscan Center Post Trauma Education Retreat is open to first responders from anywhere. Many departments with tight budgets will not cover the costs. They will replace the tires on a patrol car while ignoring the human capital. The center is dependent upon the financial support of generous donors to help fund and defray the cost of the training.

*     *     *

Mike Roche has spent over three decades in law enforcement. He started his career with the Little Rock Police Department, retired from the U.S. Secret Service as a special agent after twenty-two years, and is an adjunct instructor at Saint Leo University. Mike is the author of three novels and two nonfiction works, Face 2 Face: Observation, Interviewing and Rapport Building Skills: an ex-Secret Service Agents Guide and his most recent on Mass Killers: How You Can Identify Workplace, School and Public Killers Before they Strike.

*We’re extremely pleased that Special Agent Roche is once again joining us as a presenter at the 2014 Writers’ Police Academy. He’ll be teaching two workshops—Romance Behind the Badge and Real Cops for Real Writers: The Psychology of Cops.

20 celebrity mug shots

Celebrities are often idolized, seen as perfect beings and role models. However, celebrities are far from perfect and the fall from grace can be a hard one. Below are 20 of the most infamous celebrity mugshots of all time.

1. Tim Allen

After rising to fame as the goofy yet beloved father of Home Improvement, Tim Allen was arrested in 1997 in Michigan for drunk driving. He pled guilty to DUI and was sentenced to a years probation and ordered to attend an alcohol and drug rehabilitation program.

2. Charlie Sheen

Sheen is a troubled actor who has been arrested more than once, this mugshot was taken on Christmas Day 2009 after a domestic incident with his then wife Brooke Mueller. Sheen was arrested and plead guilty to misdemeanor assault. He was sentenced to 30 days in a rehabilitation center, 30 days of probation and 36 hours of anger management counseling

3. Lindsay Lohan

Former child star Lindsay Lohan has far too many mugshots for a woman her age. This one was taken after being charged with felony theft of a $2500 necklace. Lohan plead not guilty and claimed she was borrowing the piece. She was on probation at the time and as a last minute plea deal for this case and others, she received 90 days treatment at a rehabilitation facility.

4. Paris Hilton

The socialite and former reality star was arrested in 2010 in Las Vegas for possession of cocaine. Hilton pled guilty to two misdemeanors and received a years probation, 200 hours of community service and was ordered to attend a drug abuse treatment program. She also paid a $2,000 fine.

5. Justin Bieber

The Pop star  was seemingly happy when arrested in Miami in 2014 for DUI and drag racing. Police allege Bieber admitted to smoking marijuana, drinking alcohol and taking prescription medication. Although the case is yet to be finalized, recent reports suggest he may take a plea deal due to the overwhelming evidence.

6. Jason London

The actor took this bloody and bruised mugshot in 2013 after being arrested for assault with intent to injure and disorderly conduct after a bar fight in Arizona. After initially claiming to be the victim, London pled guilty to disorderly conduct and was ordered to complete an alcohol education course. The judge agreed to erase the conviction at the completion of the course.

7. Yasmine Bleeth

The Former Baywatch star was arrested in 2001 in Michigan for possession of cocaine. She pled guilty and was sentenced to two years probation as well as 100 hours of community service.

8. Daniel Baldwin

Arrested in 2006 for stealing a friend’s SUV. When police searched his hotel room they discovered illegal drugs and drug paraphernalia. The charges were eventually dropped.

9. Robert Downey, Jr

Downey Jr was arrested in 2000 at the Merv Griffin Resort, Palm Springs for drug possession only months after being released from prison. He pled no contest and received drug rehabilitation and a 3 year probation. He also was dismissed from the hit TV show Ally McBeal and missed out on a role in the hit movie America’s Sweethearts.

10. Nick Nolte

At the age of 61, was arrested in 2012 on charges of being under the influence of alcohol or drugs while driving near his Malibu home. He was found to be under the influence of GHB, commonly known as a “date rape drug”. He received three years probation and counseling. He voluntarily entered a rehabilitation center after the incident.

11. Mickey Rourke

In November 1997, actor Mickey Rourke was pulled over by police while riding a Vespa in Miami and arrested for driving under the influence. He was eventually sentenced to six months probation.

12. Phil Spector

Record producer and Phil Spector was found guilty of second-degree murder in the death of Lana Clarkson, whose body was found in Spector’s mansion. After two trials Spector was sentenced to 19 years to life imprisonment.

13. Vince Vaughn

Vaughn was arrested back in 2001 on charges of fighting in public. He was in North Carolina filming
“Domestic Disturbance” with fellow actor Steve Buscemi at the time. Buscemi was also involved and received
stab wounds. The charge was dropped after Vaughn pleaded no contest.

14. Lisa Robin Kelly

Kelly, famous for playing Eric’s sister Laurie on That 70?s Show, was arrested in March 2012 on felony charges of corporal injury on a spouse. She was released after posting $50,000 bail. The LA County DA later announced they did not plan to file charges. Lisa passed away in August 2013 after a long battle with addiction.

15. Kiefer Sutherland

Kiefer was arrested for DUI in 2007. He pled no contest and received a 48 day jail sentence.

16. Hugh Grant

Grant was arrested in 1995 for soliciting prostitution. After pleading no contest Grant received two years
probation, a fine of $1,180 and was ordered to complete an AIDS education program.

17. Mischa Barton

Barton was charged with DUI and possession of marijuana in 2007. She eventually took a plea deal to
avoid jail time and received three years probation, a fine and attended a three month alcohol education class.

18. Andy Dick

Andy was arrested in 2008 for drug possession and sexual battery after exposing the breasts of a 17 year
old female. Dick plead guilty to misdemeanor battery and marijuana possession and was sentenced to three years probation, received a small fine and was ordered to wear an alcohol monitoring bracelet for the period of one year.

19. Michael Jackson

MJ was famously charged with conspiracy to commit child abduction, false imprisonment, extortion,
committing lewd acts upon a child and other charges. In 2005 Jackson was found not guilty of all charges after a lengthy trial. Jackson passed away in 2011.

20. Robert Ritchie

Better known as Kid Rock, Ritchie was arrested for misdemeanor assault in 2005 after getting into a fight with a strip club DJ. He pled no contest and received an 11 month suspended sentence.

* Today’s blog post and images courtesy of ARRESTRECORDS.com

 

Jerry Cokely

Reading through The Graveyard Shift brought back many memories for Jerry Cokely, and he was kind enough to share those thoughts with us today. Here’s what he had to say.

The LAPD And A Partner Named Wambaugh

by Jerry Cokely

Training has made drastic changes since my LAPD class of 1957. They put us through the rigors, too, and I suppose each generation does it somewhat differently but with the same goals in mind.

All, except one, in our class were military veterans. Frank and I took him under our wings and taught him how to march and make drastic changes from his pure civilian life. Jim Poedy was born with two left feet. At least that’s is what we thought for awhile.

The various tests during the LAPD application process were intense in various ways. They included a three hour written test followed by a physical agility test, both on the same day.

Then the physical examination days later. At that point I weighed in at 150 and 5-foot-10 (almost). The no-neck gorilla in line in front of me would not have needed a partner to work with. I believe he could have pinned on his badge without wearing a shirt. Much to my amazement he was rejected as the doctors considered him too “muscle bound” and a health risk over a 20 year period. Additional surprise came when the doctor praised me for being is such great physical shape (looks aren’t everything). The past 18 months with the Marine Corps got credit for that.

After passing those tests an oral interview was given followed by a psychiatric examination. At the oral they tested me by calling me a mamma’s boy. Knowing I was single and living back home they asked me “Did your mother tie your tie?” It was a shocking question to test my reaction. Without giving it much thought I looked the questioner square in the eye and boldly and proudly stated “No, I did it all by myself.” They accepted my reply and the three interviewers went on to other questioning.

Next came the two hour psychiatric examination with copious written questions and the famous Rorschach ink blot test.

The few of us who passed all the tests were told that we were 3% of the applicants who had initially begun.

For me it had been only 30 days. I don’t think that really impressed any of us and certainly not me. We were just anxious to get the job and to become police recruits. We were hired as” Policemen” and not as Police Officers as they are today. The ladies were Police Women (none in our class).

Life during the Police Academy was similar to USMC life and is generally considered as quasi-military as the discipline is similar. All lived at home and attended the academy during the day. The physical training included running, calisthenics, and especially doing sit ups.

Jerry Cokely and Frank Escalante back row 3& 4 from right

We started from scratch and worked our way to 100. I developed a bright red “cherry” raw spot at the base of my spine, during all of that. They wanted us to have great abs and we did.

Jerry Cokely on right

I suppose that if I had Joe Wambaugh’s abilities I might have been more colorful in describing the experience, but you writers know how to take the mundane and spice it up to make it interesting. Lofland’s blog makes for a good read.

*     *     *

About Jerry Cokely

A native Californian, Jerry Cokely grew up in Eagle Rock, a Los Angeles neighborhood. After high school graduation in 1953 he joined the Navy and served four years with the USMC hospital corps on mainland Japan and the Pacific islands of Okinawa, Iwo Jima and Luzon.

After his discharge he considered re-enlisting but friends talked him into filing an application with the Los Angeles Police Department. In his 21 years with LAPD he worked everything from traffic to vice to investigations—burglary, robbery, auto theft, juvenile and homicide.

Traffic accident investigation. Jerry Cokely with crash survivors.

Jerry was in the thick of historic events during the tumultuous Sixties, including the Watts riots of 1965 and the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy in 1968.

Hollenbeck newsletter article featuring Jerry Cokely

In 1978 Jerry decided the city was no place to raise a family. He retired and moved to Wellsville, Utah. He served as Wellsville Chief of Police from 1979 to 1986, and as a Deputy Sheriff from 1986 to 1998.

Jerry is now enjoying his third retirement from law enforcement.

*     *     *

*A note about Jerry Cokely’s friendship with Joseph Wambaugh.

Hollenbeck Division officers. Jerry Cokely, top row 6th from right

When both Joseph Wambaugh and Jerry Cokely were detectives in the Hollenbeck Division, they worked night watch together for several months.

Cokely comments: “He (Wambaugh) was a good cop and I enjoyed having him for a partner. He didn’t just happen to become a famous author but had a master’s degree in English Literature. He once told me it was the dream of English Lit majors to write a best seller during their lifetime. His dream came true in spades.”

Joseph Wambaugh joined the LAPD in 1960. In 1971 he hit bookshelves with THE NEW CENTURIONS and his writing career took off. He received the Grand Master Award from Mystery Writers of American in 2004.

He became famous while still on the job but in 14 years with LAPD he was still one of the guys.

Hollenbeck Detectives. Jerry Cokely bottom row 3rd from right. Joe Wambaugh bottom row 5th from right.

The three women in the center of the photo were detectives working the Juvenile Detail.

Cokely credits Wambaugh with teaching him to play tennis. They played frequently at Hollenbeck Park until Wambaugh had his own court built at his San Marino home. Cokely still remembers “parking my 1961 VW bug next to Wambaugh’s 1978 $14,000 Mercedes.”

*Thanks to Pat Browning for doing the legwork to make this article possible.

Guns
Source: Top-Criminal-Justice-Schools.net

*The infographic above does not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of The Graveyard Shift. It was written by the good folks at topcriminaljusticeschools. I did not have a hand in it in any way.

As always, this is NOT a forum for arguments about gun control or no gun control.

L.J. Sellers FBI

FBI’s Hostage Rescue Team

By L.J. Sellers, author of provocative mysteries & thrillers

When I was plotting The Trigger, the first book in new series, I interviewed several FBI agents, and we discussed the final scenario, which involves domestic terrorism at a dozen simultaneous locations. I assumed the Federal Bureau of Investigation would have to call in Homeland Security to handle such an event.

I was wrong. The FBI takes the lead in investigating, pursuing, and arresting terrorists on U.S. soil (and sometimes abroad)—as well as pursing any person considered a national threat. The squad they deploy for the dirty work is called the Hostage Rescue Team, or HRT, as they say on the inside.

The bureau’s HRT is the civilian equivalent of the Naval Special Warfare Development Group (aka SEAL Team Six) and the Army’s 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (Delta Force). So it’s one of three national-level Tier 1 response teams. These units use common techniques and technology and often train and operate alongside one another.

Despite the name, the hostage rescue team does much more than extract victims from their takers. The training they undergo prepares them for just about anything. Think of this group as a national SWAT unit of law enforcement.

HRT members recently rescued five-year-old Ethan in the Alabama school bus kidnapping, apprehended the Chechen Boston bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in Massachusetts, and rescued Hannah Anderson from her kidnapper in Idaho.

With more than 90 full-time operators, the group functions under the bureau’s Tactical Recruitment Program, and agents must first quality to become a Special Agent before they can apply to HRT. To become a Special Agent, FBI operators must have a four-year college degree and three years of professional work experience. Remember that the next time you see those guys on the news in camouflage, flak jackets, and sniper rifles repelling down a cliff—they are highly educated!

In The Trigger’s climatic scene, multiple HRTs are dispatched to various locations to track and apprehend the bombers. But the main story is about Agent Jamie Dallas, a young woman who specializes in undercover work and infiltrates an armed prepper compound in search of a missing woman. What she finds is much more terrifying.

click here to buy this book

The book releases today, and as a thank you to my readers, the ebook is on sale for $.99. More important, if you buy it TODAY and forward the Amazon receipt to lj@ljsellers.com, you’ll be entered to win a trip to Left Coast Crime 2015 (registration, hotel, and airfare)! I’m also drawing winners for ten $50 gift certificates from Amazon or your favorite bookstore. So you have a great chance to win something. For more details, check out my website. (http://bit.ly/I1audT)

*     *     *

L.J. Sellers writes the bestselling Detective Jackson mystery series—a two-time Readers Favorite Award winner—as well as provocative standalone thrillers. Her novels have been highly praised by reviewers, and her Jackson books are the highest-rated crime fiction on Amazon. L.J. resides in Eugene, Oregon where most of her novels are set and is an award-winning journalist who earned the Grand Neal. When not plotting murders, she enjoys standup comedy, cycling, social networking, and attending mystery conferences. She’s also been known to jump out of airplanes.

http://ljsellers.com
http://crimefictioncollective.blogspot.com

https://www.facebook.com/ljsellers

Abolish the DHS
Source: SecurityDegreeHub.com

* The views, facts, and stats in the above infographic are those of securitydegreehub. While The Graveyard Shift may or may not agree, this site is always open to expressions of ideas and opinions. It is up to you, the reader, to decide which side of the path you choose to walk. With that said, what are your thoughts on the DHS? Should they stay, go, or be trimmed back a notch or two?