PostHeaderIcon Homicide Investigation: Part One – The Crime Scene

No two homicide investigators are alike. They’re the snowflakes of law enforcement. But the sleuth’s appearance is not the issue here. I’m talking about the way investigators solve their cases – their methods of operation.

One detective may prefer to conduct spiral searches, while another may think there’s no search pattern as accurate as a grid search. Some investigators prefer to gather their own evidence; others rely solely on crime scene technicians. Some wear uniforms, some wear suits, and others dress in jeans and golf shirts. Some carry 9mms or .45s, and others arm themselves with smaller .380s or five-shot revolvers.

No matter how they dress, act, and protect themselves, the one thing they all have in common is the desire to solve a case. Most detectives won’t rest until they have the suspect safely tucked away in a jail cell.

All detectives know certain procedures should be followed when investigating a murder, and the beginning of the case is just as important as the end. No stone should be left unturned, literally.

The beginning of the case normally starts with a patrol officer’s response to a 911 call.

“Unit 2212, respond to 1313 Mockingbird Lane. Neighbors report hearing gun shots from that residence.”

“10-4. I’m en route.”

First responders:

1. Patrol officers should use caution and be vigilant when approaching a murder scene. Evidence, such as tire tracks and footprints could be easily destroyed, and the officers could very well pass the killer on his way out.

2. If the victim is still alive officers should begin first aid, and call for emergency medical assistance. They should also make note of their time of arrival and the condition of the victim, and of the scene. If they’re busy, and unable to write, they can use their radios to relay information to the dispatcher or another officer. Those conversations are recorded.

3. An officer should remain with the victim in case he makes any statement (dying declaration).

4. Officers should make every attempt to photograph the scene before any evidence is destroyed by EMS personnel.

5. Patrol officers should notify their supervisor when there’s been a homicide. They may also be required to call detectives to the scene. And, they may be required to notify the coroner of the situation.

6. Securing the scene is an important part of a homicide, and it’s a task that’s normally handled by patrol officers. To properly secure a crime scene officers should use barrier tape, or some other similar means of identifying the boundaries of the scene. Then they must keep all unauthorized people outside the boundary. This includes the press, family and friends of the victim, and even other police officers.

7. First responders should also make sure witnesses are separated. They should also take preliminary statements from witnesses, if possible. This deters the witnesses from changing their stories.

8. Unless a first responding officer is part of the investigation team she should not touch anything inside the crime scene once it has been secured. She should not conduct any searches of the property or victim. It may be necessary to obtain a search warrant before a search can commence. In most cases, it will be the detective who obtains the necessary warrants.

9. Patrol officers provide security for the crime scene and for the investigators whose attention should be focused on the scene and victim. They shouldn’t have to worry about anyone approaching them, such as irate or distraught family members. The killer may even come back to the scene.

10. First responding officers should remain on the scene until they’ve been released by their supervisor or the detectives in charge of the scene.

9 Responses to “Homicide Investigation: Part One – The Crime Scene”

  • Terry says:

    Great post — these are so helpful. As an aside, last night at our Civilian Police Academy Alumni meeting, we had a speaker from the Florida Department of Corrections talk about “Criminal Thinking”. He oversees the state-mandated 100 Hour Transition Life Skill program. I’ve started a blog series at my blog sharing what he told us. It was very interesting.

  • Bobby M says:

    It could be that those weren’t gun shots. Maybe grandpa was just working on another experiment (or Herman jumping up and down).

  • Lee Lofland says:

    Great topic for a blog, Terry. There should be more emphasis on these programs in prisons. Most inmates have no clue what to do when they get out. They usually don’t have a second chance at life. No one will hire them, they can’t vote, and drug offenders can’t receive loans and grants for college. They need to learn basic life skills. At least that’s a start.

    Bobby – I’ve mentioned the Mockingbird Lane address in several posts, and you’re the first person to recognize it. You must be a TV Land junkie, like me.

  • MysteryWriter says:

    Thank you so much for the knowledge you share! Your posts (and your book) have been a great help to my writing.

  • Lee Lofland says:

    MysteryWriter – Thanks for the kind words.

  • Terry says:

    Thanks, Lee, and thanks for dropping by my blog. I’ve posted another segment this morning.

  • Love this! Thanks for posting. I’ve heard this before, but I love having information reinforced. Helps me to remember it better later.

  • l.c.mccabe says:

    Lee,

    You wrote:

    “Most inmates have no clue what to do when they get out. They usually don’t have a second chance at life. No one will hire them, they can’t vote, and drug offenders can’t receive loans and grants for college. They need to learn basic life skills. At least that’s a start.”

    The part where former felons can’t vote…that’s not true in all states. Each state treats this matter differently. For example in California, if you have served your time and are not on parole, then your right to vote is fully restored.

    It’s really a crazy patchwork quilt of inconsistent laws across our nation that treats the formerly incarcerated differently. The Sentencing Project is trying to restore the right to vote to former felons.

    Here’s a link to a PDF which details the differences state by state:

    http://tinyurl.com/3849ct

    I only became aware of this after the 2000 election when Florida scrubbed its voting rolls of tens of thousands of voters trying to purge those who weren’t eligible to vote due to having been convicted of a felony at one time in their life. The problem was that most of the people who lost their right to vote without notice weren’t felons at all, some had only been convicted of misdemeanors while others had never been convicted of anything except having a name similar to someone else who had.

    I found that November – December period of 2000 to be a time where I learned about learning the dirty little secrets of our democracy and becoming informed about “chad,” “butterfly ballots,” and organized efforts to disenfranchise voters either through intimidation or just removal from voting rolls without notice.

    If you didn’t see HBO’s movie “Recount” with Kevin Spacey and Dennis Leary, you should. It’s great and it covers a lot of territory in only two hours.

    Linda

    (P.S. I recognize the ode to the Munsters as well.)

  • Lee Lofland says:

    Linda – Actually, I was thinking of federal prisoners and the laws you’ve pointed out don’t apply to them. They cannot vote unless they’ve received some sort of pardon or commutation from the president. Unlike the various state systems.

    Hey, will I be seeing you at the East of Eden conference?

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